Cichorium endivia
(sold as Escarole & Frissee)

Family: Asteraceae

Common name: ENDIVE


Type: annual

Forms: clumping, dense form

Max height: 1.20 feet

Max width: 1.20 feet






Attracts wildlife: adult butterfly, specific butterfly species

Edible: vegetable

Exposure: sun

Propagates by: seed

Soil type: well drained

USDA Zones: zone 3 -40 f, zone 4 -30 f, zone 5 to -20 f, zone 6 to -10 f, zone 7 to 0 f, zone 8 to +10 f, zone 9 to +20 f, zone 10 to +30 f

Temp. range: -40 to +40 °F

Water: moist, regular

Butterflies that feed on this plant

  • Cichorium endivia var latifolium
  • Cichorium endivia
  • Cichorium endivia 2

Edible plants - annuals

This vegetable garden plant can be grown from seed. These seeds can be purchased for use by home gardeners. The varieties on this site have been carefully screened - culled from over 1,000 offerings - and were selected as the best plants for vegetable gardens. There are other varieties, not shown, that are grown by large producers and farmers. Some of the varieties shown, either organic or heirloom, may be grown early in the season, or late, or are vegetables good for containers.We encourage you to take a look online for additional information about this particular variety.