Butterflies in Mind -- Zinnia
Susan C. Dunlap
A collection of 50 images as if seen from a butterfly’s point of view. Includes the names of native Zinnia species and the most complete list of US butterflies that will feed on Zinnia blossoms.
Butterflies in Mind -- Asclepias
Susan C. Dunlap
“Milkweed is the single most important plant for Monarch butterflies. This lavishly illustrated book contains details about the structure and cultivation of native Milkweeds, information about the 139 nectar-feeding butterflies they...
Butterflies in Mind -- Monarch
Susan C. Dunlap
This abundantly illustrated volume enables you to select from a complete list of well described perennial nectar plants that are known to attract & feed Monarch butterflies. Over 40 genera are described that are suitable to be grown...
Butterflies in Mind -- Perennials
Susan C. Dunlap
Butterflies in Mind - Perennials. This book is a definitive guide to perennial nectar plants preferred by US butterflies. It empowers you to feed, attract, support (and help identify) nectar-feeding butterflies that reside in the US....

Symphytum officinale

Family: Boraginaceae

Common name: COMFREY

Native to: Europe


Type: perennial

Forms: clumping, erect, rosette

Max height: 4 feet

Max width: 6.6 feet


magenta/purple, pink, violet, white/off white




Attracts wildlife: adult butterfly, specific butterfly species

Plant features: invasive, toxic

Exposure: part shade, sun


Propagates by: seed

flowers in spring

flowers in summer

Soil type: wide range

USDA Zones: zone 3 -40 f, zone 4 -30 f, zone 5 to -20 f, zone 6 to -10 f, zone 7 to 0 f, zone 8 to +10 f, zone 9 to +20 f

Temp. range: -40 to +30 °F

Water: moist

Butterflies that feed on this plant

There are 23 species of Symphytum, a member of the Boraginaceae family. Symphytum officinale, or COMFREY, is a four-foot tall perennial that is invasive and toxic. It grows from seed in Zones 3-9 and prefers moist water conditions.