Butterflies in Mind -- Zinnia
Susan C. Dunlap
A collection of 50 images as if seen from a butterfly’s point of view. Includes the names of native Zinnia species and the most complete list of US butterflies that will feed on Zinnia blossoms.
Butterflies in Mind -- Asclepias
Susan C. Dunlap
“Milkweed is the single most important plant for Monarch butterflies. This lavishly illustrated book contains details about the structure and cultivation of native Milkweeds, information about the 139 nectar-feeding butterflies they...
Butterflies in Mind -- Monarch
Susan C. Dunlap
This abundantly illustrated volume enables you to select from a complete list of well described perennial nectar plants that are known to attract & feed Monarch butterflies. Over 40 genera are described that are suitable to be grown...
Butterflies in Mind -- Perennials
Susan C. Dunlap
Butterflies in Mind - Perennials. This book is a definitive guide to perennial nectar plants preferred by US butterflies. It empowers you to feed, attract, support (and help identify) nectar-feeding butterflies that reside in the US....

Viola sempervirens

Family: Violaceae


Native to: Western North America

Sentiments: pansy means think of me, viola means modest worth


Type: perennial

Forms: clumping, erect

Max height: 0.30 feet

Max width: 0.30 feet






Attracts wildlife: adult butterfly, specific butterfly species

Exposure: part shade, sun

Propagates by: seed

flowers in spring

Soil types: loam, well drained

USDA Zones: zone 6 to -10 f, zone 7 to 0 f, zone 8 to +10 f, zone 9 to +20 f

Temp. range: -10 to +30 °F

Water: regular

There are 551 species of Viola. VIOLET is a member of the Violaceae family. Numerous perennials are cultivated including Viola cornuta, hederacea, jooi, odorata, and sempervirens. They all prefer regular watering. These perennials are either spring or summer flowering, and typically are less than one foot tall, and grow from seed. Viola joii grows in Zones 5-10 while other Viola perennials are more restricted in range. Mature flower seed heads will attract and feed birds.

Viola sempervirens, PANSY OR EVERGREEN VIOLET, grows in Zones 6-9, to 1/3' high x wide, and is yellow flowering in spring. Grow it in sun or part shade. It can be grown in a container.

Viola attracts Anthocharis stella, STELLA ORANGETIP.