Butterflies in Mind -- Zinnia
Susan C. Dunlap
A collection of 50 images as if seen from a butterfly’s point of view. Includes the names of native Zinnia species and the most complete list of US butterflies that will feed on Zinnia blossoms.
Butterflies in Mind -- Asclepias
Susan C. Dunlap
“Milkweed is the single most important plant for Monarch butterflies. This lavishly illustrated book contains details about the structure and cultivation of native Milkweeds, information about the 139 nectar-feeding butterflies they...
Butterflies in Mind -- Monarch
Susan C. Dunlap
This abundantly illustrated volume enables you to select from a complete list of well described perennial nectar plants that are known to attract & feed Monarch butterflies. Over 40 genera are described that are suitable to be grown...
Butterflies in Mind -- Perennials
Susan C. Dunlap
Butterflies in Mind - Perennials. This book is a definitive guide to perennial nectar plants preferred by US butterflies. It empowers you to feed, attract, support (and help identify) nectar-feeding butterflies that reside in the US....

Brassica oleracea ‘Acephala Group’
(sold as Flowering white)

Family: Brassicaceae


Synonym: Brassica oleracea flowering white

Native to: Western Europe


Type: annual

Form: clumping

Max height: 1 foot

Max width: 1 foot




green, light


Attracts wildlife: adult butterfly, specific butterfly species

Edible: vegetable

Exposure: sun

Landscape use: container

Propagates by: seed

flowers in fall

flowers in summer

flowers in winter

Soil type: loam

USDA Zones: zone 8 to +10 f, zone 9 to +20 f, zone 10 to +30 f, zone 11 to +40 f

Temp. range: +10 to above +40 °F

Water: regular

There are 75 species of Brassica, a member of the Brassicaceae family. Of those two perennials are commonly cultivated – Brassica oleracea and juncea. Brassica oleracea comes in many forms as cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and kale; all can be grown from seed. Brassica juncea is an edible with numerous common names including BROWN, CHINESE MUSTARD, and MUSTARD. It grows from seed as a perennial in Zones 9-11, to nearly two feet tall, and prefers regular watering.

Brassica oleracea 'Flowering white' is an edible plant that can be grown in a container. It is usually grown as an ornamental annual. As an ornamental, we adjusted our data - removing the perennial status, and removing specific butterfly species.

We also have no evidence this plant attracts adult butterflies. If you are growing the primary species, Brassica oleracea, you may attract Anthocharis sara, Pacific Orangetip
Euchloe ausonides, Large Marble, Pieris marginalis, Margined White, or Pieris rapae, Cabbage White to your garden.